The three-dimensional velocity fluctuation effects on heat transfer enhancement were experimentally investigated using a wind tunnel system and cylinders placed upstream of the test section in the wind tunnel. The cylinders with different diameters were used as turbulators to generate vortical flow motions with three-dimensional velocity fluctuations. A heated plate, part of the tunnel wall, was placed far downstream of the cylinders such that it was subjected mainly to flows with velocity fluctuations but with negligible steady vortical motions. These studies included three-component velocity measurements to characterize the near-wall and cross-section velocity fields and to obtain the turbulent kinetic energy. The temperatures were measured by thermocouples on the heated plate to obtain the convection heat transfer coefficients and the Nusselt numbers. Results indicate that the heat transfer was enhanced by the velocity fluctuations, which is attributed to the modification of boundary layer velocity profiles without the modification of boundary layer thickness. The resulting normalized Nusselt number was approximately a parabolic function of a dimensionless parameter, the product of Reynolds number and normalized turbulent kinetic energy.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 29, 2003
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