Effects of various wavelengths of light on physiological stress and non-specific immune responses in black rockfish Sebastes schlegelii subjected to water temperature change

Effects of various wavelengths of light on physiological stress and non-specific immune responses... We investigated the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on physiological stress and immunity in black rockfish Sebastes schlegelii subjected to water temperature change [20 (normal temperature) → 14 → 20 °C] using progressive stepwise decline [experiment (Exp.) I; 2 °C/day] and direct decline (Exp. II; immediate exposure) in water temperature. We measured stress-related parameters such as cortisol, glucose, heat shock protein 70 and Na+/K+-ATPase, and immune parameters such as immunoglobulin M and lysozyme. We confirmed nuclear DNA damage using a comet assay. Physiological stress indicators were significantly higher, immune parameters were significantly lower, and the amount of nuclear DNA damage was higher after exposure to low temperatures, but these effects were mitigated by exposure to green or blue LEDs. The direct decline in temperature induced more physiological stress and nuclear DNA damage than the progressive stepwise change. Green and blue LEDs aid recovery from physiological damage in fish. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fisheries Science Springer Journals

Effects of various wavelengths of light on physiological stress and non-specific immune responses in black rockfish Sebastes schlegelii subjected to water temperature change

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Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Subject
Life Sciences; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Food Science
ISSN
0919-9268
eISSN
1444-2906
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12562-017-1136-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We investigated the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on physiological stress and immunity in black rockfish Sebastes schlegelii subjected to water temperature change [20 (normal temperature) → 14 → 20 °C] using progressive stepwise decline [experiment (Exp.) I; 2 °C/day] and direct decline (Exp. II; immediate exposure) in water temperature. We measured stress-related parameters such as cortisol, glucose, heat shock protein 70 and Na+/K+-ATPase, and immune parameters such as immunoglobulin M and lysozyme. We confirmed nuclear DNA damage using a comet assay. Physiological stress indicators were significantly higher, immune parameters were significantly lower, and the amount of nuclear DNA damage was higher after exposure to low temperatures, but these effects were mitigated by exposure to green or blue LEDs. The direct decline in temperature induced more physiological stress and nuclear DNA damage than the progressive stepwise change. Green and blue LEDs aid recovery from physiological damage in fish.

Journal

Fisheries ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 23, 2017

References

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