The ability of several indoleamines to scavenge free radicals is well documented. Our aim was to evaluate the ability of 0.01–3 mm tryptophan (Trp) and 0.1–5 mm 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-OH-Trp) to protect hepatic cell membranes against 0.1 mm FeCl3 plus 0.1 mm ascorbic acid–induced lipid peroxidation and increases in membrane rigidity. Membrane fluidity was evaluated using fluorescence spectroscopy. Lipid and protein oxidation were estimated by quantifying malondialdehyde (MDA) plus 4-hydroxyalkenals (4-HDA) concentrations and carbonyl group content, respectively. Exposure to FeCl3 plus ascorbic acid increased hepatic cell membrane rigidity, MDA + 4-HDA and carbonyl content. The presence of 5-OH-Trp, but not Trp, attenuated these changes. In the absence of oxidative stress, neither indoleamine modified fluidity, MDA + 4-HDA or carbonylation. These results suggest that C5 hydroxylation determines the ability of Trp to preserve membrane fluidity in the presence of oxidative stress.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 22, 2009
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