Effects of strontium on photosynthetic characteristics of oilseed rape seedlings

Effects of strontium on photosynthetic characteristics of oilseed rape seedlings The threat of environmental strontium pollution led to an increased interest to elucidating the mechanisms of this metal toxicity in the organism. To investigate strontium effects on vital photosynthesis characteristics, three-leaf stage oilseed rape seedlings (Brassica napus L., cv. Mianyou No.15), raised in the hydroponic culture, were provided with a nutrient solution containing 0, 10, 20, and 40 mM SrCl2. Strontium uptake and distribution in oilseed rape plants and its effect on various aspects of photosynthesis were investigated after 0, 7, 14, and 21 days of strontium treatment. Oilseed rape seedlings demonstrated a strong ability of strontium accumulation. Strontium absorbed by roots was primarily transferred to leaves and accumulated there. The leaf photosynthetic oxygen evolution rate, chlorophyll content, and Rubisco (EC 4.1.3.9) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase; EC 4.1.1.31) activities declined progressively with increasing concentration of applied strontium and also with increasing the duration of exposure time. These results indicate that strontium accumulated in leaves damaged various processes of photosynthesis, such as energy absorption, energy transfer, and photosynthetic carbon assimilation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effects of strontium on photosynthetic characteristics of oilseed rape seedlings

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443712060052
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The threat of environmental strontium pollution led to an increased interest to elucidating the mechanisms of this metal toxicity in the organism. To investigate strontium effects on vital photosynthesis characteristics, three-leaf stage oilseed rape seedlings (Brassica napus L., cv. Mianyou No.15), raised in the hydroponic culture, were provided with a nutrient solution containing 0, 10, 20, and 40 mM SrCl2. Strontium uptake and distribution in oilseed rape plants and its effect on various aspects of photosynthesis were investigated after 0, 7, 14, and 21 days of strontium treatment. Oilseed rape seedlings demonstrated a strong ability of strontium accumulation. Strontium absorbed by roots was primarily transferred to leaves and accumulated there. The leaf photosynthetic oxygen evolution rate, chlorophyll content, and Rubisco (EC 4.1.3.9) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase; EC 4.1.1.31) activities declined progressively with increasing concentration of applied strontium and also with increasing the duration of exposure time. These results indicate that strontium accumulated in leaves damaged various processes of photosynthesis, such as energy absorption, energy transfer, and photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2012

References

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