The threat of environmental strontium pollution led to an increased interest to elucidating the mechanisms of this metal toxicity in the organism. To investigate strontium effects on vital photosynthesis characteristics, three-leaf stage oilseed rape seedlings (Brassica napus L., cv. Mianyou No.15), raised in the hydroponic culture, were provided with a nutrient solution containing 0, 10, 20, and 40 mM SrCl2. Strontium uptake and distribution in oilseed rape plants and its effect on various aspects of photosynthesis were investigated after 0, 7, 14, and 21 days of strontium treatment. Oilseed rape seedlings demonstrated a strong ability of strontium accumulation. Strontium absorbed by roots was primarily transferred to leaves and accumulated there. The leaf photosynthetic oxygen evolution rate, chlorophyll content, and Rubisco (EC 220.127.116.11) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase; EC 18.104.22.168) activities declined progressively with increasing concentration of applied strontium and also with increasing the duration of exposure time. These results indicate that strontium accumulated in leaves damaged various processes of photosynthesis, such as energy absorption, energy transfer, and photosynthetic carbon assimilation.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2012
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