In narrow gap gas metal arc welding (GMAW), it is useful to understand the arc behaviors to ensure the weld quality. Arc behaviors are strongly affected by the shielding gas composition. In this study, a three-component shielding gas mixture was used in tandem narrow gap pulsed GMAW, and the effect of its composition on arc behaviors and weld formation were investigated. The shielding gas included argon, carbon dioxide, and helium. The arc behaviors and electrical characteristics were recorded by a high-speed camera and an electrical signal acquisition system. The results show that the arc behaviors in different shielding gas are different. The arc expands and the arc length decreases with the increase of CO2 content or helium content. The arc is the widest when the shielding gas is 80%Ar10%CO210%He. The weld shape was observed, and it was found that the weld width increases first and then decreases with increasing of the CO2 content. When the helium content is below 15%, the weld width increases as the helium content increases, but when the helium is 15%, the weld width drops due to the decrease of arc length. When the helium content is above 15%, the weld width continues to increase as the helium content increases. The largest weld width can be obtained in 80%Ar10%CO210%He.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 24, 2017
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