Effects of shielding gas composition on arc behaviors and weld formation in narrow gap tandem GMAW

Effects of shielding gas composition on arc behaviors and weld formation in narrow gap tandem GMAW In narrow gap gas metal arc welding (GMAW), it is useful to understand the arc behaviors to ensure the weld quality. Arc behaviors are strongly affected by the shielding gas composition. In this study, a three-component shielding gas mixture was used in tandem narrow gap pulsed GMAW, and the effect of its composition on arc behaviors and weld formation were investigated. The shielding gas included argon, carbon dioxide, and helium. The arc behaviors and electrical characteristics were recorded by a high-speed camera and an electrical signal acquisition system. The results show that the arc behaviors in different shielding gas are different. The arc expands and the arc length decreases with the increase of CO2 content or helium content. The arc is the widest when the shielding gas is 80%Ar10%CO210%He. The weld shape was observed, and it was found that the weld width increases first and then decreases with increasing of the CO2 content. When the helium content is below 15%, the weld width increases as the helium content increases, but when the helium is 15%, the weld width drops due to the decrease of arc length. When the helium content is above 15%, the weld width continues to increase as the helium content increases. The largest weld width can be obtained in 80%Ar10%CO210%He. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Springer Journals

Effects of shielding gas composition on arc behaviors and weld formation in narrow gap tandem GMAW

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag London
Subject
Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Media Management; Mechanical Engineering; Computer-Aided Engineering (CAD, CAE) and Design
ISSN
0268-3768
eISSN
1433-3015
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00170-017-9990-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In narrow gap gas metal arc welding (GMAW), it is useful to understand the arc behaviors to ensure the weld quality. Arc behaviors are strongly affected by the shielding gas composition. In this study, a three-component shielding gas mixture was used in tandem narrow gap pulsed GMAW, and the effect of its composition on arc behaviors and weld formation were investigated. The shielding gas included argon, carbon dioxide, and helium. The arc behaviors and electrical characteristics were recorded by a high-speed camera and an electrical signal acquisition system. The results show that the arc behaviors in different shielding gas are different. The arc expands and the arc length decreases with the increase of CO2 content or helium content. The arc is the widest when the shielding gas is 80%Ar10%CO210%He. The weld shape was observed, and it was found that the weld width increases first and then decreases with increasing of the CO2 content. When the helium content is below 15%, the weld width increases as the helium content increases, but when the helium is 15%, the weld width drops due to the decrease of arc length. When the helium content is above 15%, the weld width continues to increase as the helium content increases. The largest weld width can be obtained in 80%Ar10%CO210%He.

Journal

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 24, 2017

References

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