Int.J. Behav. Med. (2018) 25:265–270 DOI 10.1007/s12529-017-9685-9 Effects of Self-Efficacy on Healthy Eating Depends on Normative Support: a Prospective Study of Long-Haul Truck Drivers 1,2 2,3 Kyra Hamilton & Martin S. Hagger Published online: 28 August 2017 International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2017 Abstract mediated by intention for FV and DC behavior. Specifically, Purpose Fruit and vegetable intake (FV) is insufficient in in- we confirmed a compensation effect in which self-efficacy dustrialized nations and there is excess of discretionary food was more likely to have an effect on FV and DC behavior choices (DC; foods high in fat, sugar, and salt). Long-haul through intentions in participants with low normative support. truck drivers are considered a particularly at-risk group given Conclusion Results indicate the importance of self-efficacy in the limited food choices and normatively reinforced eating predicting FV and DC intentions and behavior in the absence habits at truck rest-stops. Self-efficacy and normative support of a supportive normative environment. The compensatory are key determinants of eating behavior yet the processes un- effect of self-efficacy beliefs on behavior through intentions derlying their effects on behavior are not well understood. We when normative support is low should be confirmed using tested the
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 28, 2017
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