Effects of selenium on growth and ultrastructure of the marine unicellular alga Dunaliella salina (Chlorophyta)

Effects of selenium on growth and ultrastructure of the marine unicellular alga Dunaliella salina... This study examines the effects of selenium in concentrations of 0.01, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 mg/liter on the growth and ultrastructure of the microalga Dunaliella salina. Selenium in concentrations of 0.01 and 0.5 mg/liter stimulated cell population growth, while the number of ultrastructural alterations was the same as in the control cells. At a selenium concentrations of 1 mg/liter, cell population growth slightly decreased by the end of the experiment, and there was some increase in the number of cells with damaged organoids and in the number of completely destroyed cells. As well, the excretory function of cell vacuoles was suppressed, and the autophagic activity of these vacuoles was activated to destroy the cytoplasm and nucleus. Concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/liter were toxic to D. salina, suppressing cell population growth and promoting extensive destructive changes. The threshold concentration of selenium for D. salina was 1 mg/liter, which is 1000 times greater than the maximum permissible concentration (MPC). The fact that the microalga was able to survive for several days in this concentration is indicative of its high resistance to selenium. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Effects of selenium on growth and ultrastructure of the marine unicellular alga Dunaliella salina (Chlorophyta)

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074007020071
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examines the effects of selenium in concentrations of 0.01, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 mg/liter on the growth and ultrastructure of the microalga Dunaliella salina. Selenium in concentrations of 0.01 and 0.5 mg/liter stimulated cell population growth, while the number of ultrastructural alterations was the same as in the control cells. At a selenium concentrations of 1 mg/liter, cell population growth slightly decreased by the end of the experiment, and there was some increase in the number of cells with damaged organoids and in the number of completely destroyed cells. As well, the excretory function of cell vacuoles was suppressed, and the autophagic activity of these vacuoles was activated to destroy the cytoplasm and nucleus. Concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/liter were toxic to D. salina, suppressing cell population growth and promoting extensive destructive changes. The threshold concentration of selenium for D. salina was 1 mg/liter, which is 1000 times greater than the maximum permissible concentration (MPC). The fact that the microalga was able to survive for several days in this concentration is indicative of its high resistance to selenium.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 10, 2007

References

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