The effects of salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) on plant defense responses were studied with aseptic potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plantlets infected with Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary. Plant treatment with 10−6 M SA or 10−7 M JA induced plant resistance; the mixture of these acids was most efficient. After treatment with these compounds, phenolic compounds were accumulated and peroxidase was activated in the sites of pathogen localization, and this might be the reason of resistance enhancement. In addition, more H2O2 was accumulated in infected plants treated with JA or its mixture with SA but not in plants treated with SA alone. It might occur because of observed inhibition of catalase and activation of isoperoxidase with the isoelectric point (pI) of ∼9.3, which manifests an affinity for the pathogen cell wall. The data obtained allow us to recommend the application of these compounds for potato plant protection against late blight.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 12, 2011
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