Effects of Personality Disorder and Impulsivity on Emotional Adaptations in Prison Among Women Offenders

Effects of Personality Disorder and Impulsivity on Emotional Adaptations in Prison Among Women... The present study sought to better understand the influence of personality disorders and impulsivity on women’s ability to adapt to incarceration. We analyzed the influence of personality disorders as screened with the Structured Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders, and impulsivity as assessed with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale on depression and anxiety, sleeping problems, and feeling afraid of being attacked in prison among a large sample of women incarcerated in a Virginia prison. Results from regression models indicated that schizotypal, borderline, avoidant and dependent personality disorders and cognitive impulsivity were significant predictors of symptoms of anxiety and depression net of demographic covariates. Women possessing a diagnosis of paranoid personality disorder were at increased odds of having difficulty sleeping in prison and borderline, dependent, and paranoid personality disorder were at increased odds of experiencing fear in prison. Women who had been in prison before were significantly less likely to experience these problems. Implications of study findings for policies and practices involving women offenders are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Effects of Personality Disorder and Impulsivity on Emotional Adaptations in Prison Among Women Offenders

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Sociology, general; Public Health
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11126-012-9215-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study sought to better understand the influence of personality disorders and impulsivity on women’s ability to adapt to incarceration. We analyzed the influence of personality disorders as screened with the Structured Clinical Interview for Personality Disorders, and impulsivity as assessed with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale on depression and anxiety, sleeping problems, and feeling afraid of being attacked in prison among a large sample of women incarcerated in a Virginia prison. Results from regression models indicated that schizotypal, borderline, avoidant and dependent personality disorders and cognitive impulsivity were significant predictors of symptoms of anxiety and depression net of demographic covariates. Women possessing a diagnosis of paranoid personality disorder were at increased odds of having difficulty sleeping in prison and borderline, dependent, and paranoid personality disorder were at increased odds of experiencing fear in prison. Women who had been in prison before were significantly less likely to experience these problems. Implications of study findings for policies and practices involving women offenders are discussed.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2012

References

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