Seed damage is a common phenomenon in nature and in agricultural production. In this experiment, partial endosperm removal from wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) caryopses, sampled from three ecotypes originated from xeric environments in Israel, was conducted. The aim was to examine seed dormancy and germination states in damaged caryopses and salt tolerance of young seedlings derived from them. Six treatments were made: (1) control seeds with intact caryopses; (2–4) removal of 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 of the length of intact caryopses; (5) transection at the points, at which the endosperm and embryo meet; and (6) slitting of endosperm opposite the embryo. A significant negative correlation was found between germination percentage (dormancy release) and the relative distance from the dissection point to embryo. Partial removal of the endosperm could accelerate dormancy release. Seedling salt tolerance was assessed by the ratio of root or coleoptile length in a seedling grown in 100 or 200 mM NaCl solution to that of a seedling grown in water. The seedling salt tolerance was positively correlated with the removed portion of the seed endosperm. For each level of endosperm removal, the salt tolerance to 200 mM NaCl of the seedlings derived from the Dead Sea ecotype was higher than those from both the Sede Boker and the Mehola ecotypes. The results suggest that partial damage to seed endosperms in natural conditions may play a role in increasing the phenotypic plasticity of germination and salt tolerance.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 15, 2012
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera