Effects of ostium granulomas and intralesional steroid injections on the surgical outcome in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy

Effects of ostium granulomas and intralesional steroid injections on the surgical outcome in... Purpose To determine the effect of granuloma formation in the ostium and intralesional steroid injections (ISIs) on the surgical outcome after endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO). Methods One hundred and eighty-three cases involving 142 patients were enrolled. The ostium granulomas were classified according to their location relative to the internal common opening (superior, anterior, and posterior positions) and to the vicinity of the ostium (inner, edge, and extra types). If an ostium granuloma was observed during the follow-up and its size increased, ISIs were performed using 0.3 ml of 40 mg/ml triamcinolone acetonide. The surgical outcomes were compared between cases with and without ostium granulomas and also between each granuloma position and type. Results Ostium granulomas occurred in 71 (38.8%) of the 183 cases, and an ISI was applied in 65 cases with a mean of 2.1 injections. All of the granulomas regressed successfully after ISIs, with the success rate not differing between the cases with (85.9%) and without (83.9%) granuloma. There was no association between granuloma location and surgical outcome. However, the functional outcome was worse (60%) for inner granulomas (which are located within the ostial base) than for extra (87.8%) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology Springer Journals

Effects of ostium granulomas and intralesional steroid injections on the surgical outcome in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Ophthalmology
ISSN
0721-832X
eISSN
1435-702X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00417-018-4024-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose To determine the effect of granuloma formation in the ostium and intralesional steroid injections (ISIs) on the surgical outcome after endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO). Methods One hundred and eighty-three cases involving 142 patients were enrolled. The ostium granulomas were classified according to their location relative to the internal common opening (superior, anterior, and posterior positions) and to the vicinity of the ostium (inner, edge, and extra types). If an ostium granuloma was observed during the follow-up and its size increased, ISIs were performed using 0.3 ml of 40 mg/ml triamcinolone acetonide. The surgical outcomes were compared between cases with and without ostium granulomas and also between each granuloma position and type. Results Ostium granulomas occurred in 71 (38.8%) of the 183 cases, and an ISI was applied in 65 cases with a mean of 2.1 injections. All of the granulomas regressed successfully after ISIs, with the success rate not differing between the cases with (85.9%) and without (83.9%) granuloma. There was no association between granuloma location and surgical outcome. However, the functional outcome was worse (60%) for inner granulomas (which are located within the ostial base) than for extra (87.8%)

Journal

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental OphthalmologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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