The effects of NaCl, Na2SO4, and mannitol on mobilization of storage lipids in the cotyledon mesophyll and root meristem cells during the germination of purple alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seeds were studied using the transmission electron microscopy technique. The ultrastructural analysis showed that the number and shape of specific organelles, oleosomes, depended on the osmotic effects of a salt used. In control seedlings grown on distilled water, lipid mobilization in roots terminated by the 4th day, and in cotyledons, only by the 8th day. The disruptions in the storage lipid mobilization in the treated seedlings were specific and depended on the stress agent used, the osmotic pressure induced by this agent, as well as on the tissue type. The presence of a great number of oleosomes in the cytoplasm of cells subjected to osmotic stress, in contrast to the control ones, demonstrated the inhibition of mobilization processes. All concentrations of Na2SO4 and mannitol suppressed lipid mobilization in the cotyledons and roots. At the same time, NaCl markedly suppressed this process in the root cells only at a higher osmotic pressure of the solution. The results obtained suggest that the cytological analysis of cotyledon storage-lipid mobilization can tentatively assess the resistance of dicotyledonous plants to abiotic stresses.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 26, 2006
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