The release-from-competition (RFC) effect, inwhich a difficult concurrent memory task speedspronunciation of low-frequency irregular wordsbut slows pronunciation of other word types,has been interpreted as strong support for thedual-route approach to word recognition. However, attempts to replicate this effect havenot produced consistent results. Besides,attempts at replication have mostly beenlimited to skilled readers of English. Thepresent research attempted to replicate the RFCeffect with mature normal readers of Norwegianand thus tested the generalizability ofdual-route models to a considerably moreshallow orthography than English. There was noevidence that the RFC effect reliably occurredamong Norwegian readers in this study, not evenamong certain selected readers who were seen ascandidates for possessing a dual-routearchitecture and suffering within thatarchitecture the kind of competition in naminglow-frequency irregular words that RFC issupposed to eliminate. Thus, it was notpossible to extend the applicability of adual-route approach to word recognition to therelatively shallow Norwegian orthography, andthe question of the architectural organizationof Norwegian readers was essentially leftunanswered by our data.
Reading and Writing – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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