Effects of mechanical stretching of embryonic tissues on axial structure formation in Xenopus laevis

Effects of mechanical stretching of embryonic tissues on axial structure formation in Xenopus laevis Effect of mechanical stretch on the differentiation of axial anlages and Chordin gene expression was studied in sandwich explants prepared from embryonic tissues of Xenopus laevis at the early gastrula stage in two variants: with dissected or intact dorso-medial region. In the first case, convergent cell movements were suppressed and properly organized axial organs (notochord and somites) were almost completely absent. However, they developed if the explants of such type were artificially stretched in the ventro-dorsal direction. In this case, axial organs elongated in the line of stretching, that is in the direction vertical to their normal orientation. Segmented mesoderm was always in contact with the chord anlage. In situ hybridization revealed that the area of Chordin gene expression was also extended in the direction of stretching. PCR showed that Chordin gene expression in stretched explants with disrupted dorso-medial region was statistically at the same level as in the explants with intact dorso-medial region. At the same time, the corresponding gene expression in unstretched explants with disrupted dorso-medial region was statistically higher. The obtained data indicate that mechanical stretch and associated cell movements are a necessary and sufficient condition for the formation of proper histological structure of axial organs and regulation of Chordin gene expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Effects of mechanical stretching of embryonic tissues on axial structure formation in Xenopus laevis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effects-of-mechanical-stretching-of-embryonic-tissues-on-axial-qngh44r6e0
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360417010118
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Effect of mechanical stretch on the differentiation of axial anlages and Chordin gene expression was studied in sandwich explants prepared from embryonic tissues of Xenopus laevis at the early gastrula stage in two variants: with dissected or intact dorso-medial region. In the first case, convergent cell movements were suppressed and properly organized axial organs (notochord and somites) were almost completely absent. However, they developed if the explants of such type were artificially stretched in the ventro-dorsal direction. In this case, axial organs elongated in the line of stretching, that is in the direction vertical to their normal orientation. Segmented mesoderm was always in contact with the chord anlage. In situ hybridization revealed that the area of Chordin gene expression was also extended in the direction of stretching. PCR showed that Chordin gene expression in stretched explants with disrupted dorso-medial region was statistically at the same level as in the explants with intact dorso-medial region. At the same time, the corresponding gene expression in unstretched explants with disrupted dorso-medial region was statistically higher. The obtained data indicate that mechanical stretch and associated cell movements are a necessary and sufficient condition for the formation of proper histological structure of axial organs and regulation of Chordin gene expression.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 23, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off