Eur J Nutr (2018) 57:167–177 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1306-x ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Effects of low‑glycemic‑index diets in pregnancy on maternal and newborn outcomes in pregnant women: a meta‑analysis of randomized controlled trials 1 1 1 2 3 Ru Zhang · Shufen Han · Guo‑Chong Chen · Zeng‑Ning Li · Irma Silva‑Zolezzi · 4 4 1 Gerard Vinyes Parés · Yi Wang · Li‑Qiang Qin Received: 5 April 2016 / Accepted: 27 August 2016 / Published online: 9 September 2016 © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016 Abstract more than 8 trials. Compared with control diets, low-GI Purpose Maternal diet with a high glycemic index (GI) diets significantly reduced FBG (weight mean differences is associated with fetal overgrowth and higher infant body (WMD) = −0.18 mmol/L, 95 % CI: −0.33, −0.02), 2-h adiposity. Effects of low-GI diet on maternal and newborn postprandial glucose level (WMD = −0.33 mmol/L, outcomes have been assessed in both healthy pregnancy 95 % CI: −0.54, −0.12), and the proportion of LGA and gestational diabetes mellitus, but the results remain (RR = 0.52, 95 % CI: 0.31, 0.89). A lower GWG inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the (WMD = −0.69 kg, 95 % CI: −1.74, 0.36) and birth effects of low-GI
European Journal of Nutrition – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 9, 2016
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