The effect of initial concentration of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS: p-octylbenzene sulfonate (LAS C8), p-nonylbenzene sulfonate (LAS C9), p-dodecylbenzene sulfonate (LAS C12)) on the rate of sonochemical degradation was investigated over a wide concentration range under Ar atmosphere by 200 kHz ultrasonic irradiation. The degradation rate of each LAS increased with increasing initial concentration of LAS and then started to decrease with the different behavior depending on the types of LASs. This result indicated that the cavitation efficiency was gradually changed by their concentrations and the optimum LAS concentrations for their effective degradation existed. The maximum degradation rates were observed at 250 μM of LAS C12, 1250 μM of LAS C9, and 2500 μM of LAS C8, respectively. These optimum concentrations were found to be about four to six times smaller than these critical micelle concentrations (CMCs). It was also found that the maximum degradation rates at the optimum concentrations were observed to be almost linearly correlated with their CMCs. Based on the obtained results, it could be suggested that the micelle formation occurs in the interfacial region of cavitation bubbles during rectified diffusion and this phenomenon reduces the cavitation efficiency. In addition, from the results of the rate of the sonochemical degradation of LASs and the yield of hydrogen peroxide, the existence of thermal gradient in the interfacial region of cavitation bubbles was also confirmed.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2009
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