Effects of Hyperglycemia and Protein Kinase C on Connexin43 Expression in Cultured Rat Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

Effects of Hyperglycemia and Protein Kinase C on Connexin43 Expression in Cultured Rat Retinal... Previous results demonstrated that the intercellular communication mediated by gap junctions in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from the healthy Long Evans (LE) rat strain is higher than that from the dystrophic Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat strain. We examined connexin (Cx) expression in both cell types. At the mRNA level, a qualitatively similar expression pattern was found whereby Cx26, Cx32, Cx36, Cx43, Cx45 and Cx46 were all expressed. At the protein level, only Cx43 and Cx46 were detected. Expression of both isoforms was higher in LE-RPE as compared to RCS-RPE by a factor of 1.25 and 2 respectively. Phosphorylation of Cx43 was increased upon activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by 1 μM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). The phosphorylation status was not changed in hyperglycemic conditions, but this treatment strongly decreased total Cx43 levels to about 75 and 40% (in LE-RPE and RCS-RPE cells respectively) of the control level in LE-RPE cells. This decrease could be overcome by PKC downregulation. These results demonstrate that PKC activation and hyperglycemic conditions have different effects on Cx43 and that PKC is involved in the metabolic pathway induced by hyperglycemic conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Effects of Hyperglycemia and Protein Kinase C on Connexin43 Expression in Cultured Rat Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s0023200100082
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Previous results demonstrated that the intercellular communication mediated by gap junctions in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from the healthy Long Evans (LE) rat strain is higher than that from the dystrophic Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat strain. We examined connexin (Cx) expression in both cell types. At the mRNA level, a qualitatively similar expression pattern was found whereby Cx26, Cx32, Cx36, Cx43, Cx45 and Cx46 were all expressed. At the protein level, only Cx43 and Cx46 were detected. Expression of both isoforms was higher in LE-RPE as compared to RCS-RPE by a factor of 1.25 and 2 respectively. Phosphorylation of Cx43 was increased upon activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by 1 μM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). The phosphorylation status was not changed in hyperglycemic conditions, but this treatment strongly decreased total Cx43 levels to about 75 and 40% (in LE-RPE and RCS-RPE cells respectively) of the control level in LE-RPE cells. This decrease could be overcome by PKC downregulation. These results demonstrate that PKC activation and hyperglycemic conditions have different effects on Cx43 and that PKC is involved in the metabolic pathway induced by hyperglycemic conditions.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2001

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