Impact of drying process and storage conditions on properties of konjac glucomannan (KGM) and whey protein isolate (WPI) blend films was investigated. Hundred grams of film solution contained 0.4 g KGM, 3.8 g WPI and 1.5 g glycerol. During drying process, air velocity was varied to produce fast drying (3 h) and slow drying (15 h) in tray dryers under 50 °C. The high air velocity resulted in a significant higher drying rate in fast drying than low air velocity in slow drying. Drying curves from both processes were well-fitted with Page model and Henderson and Pabis model (R2 ≥ 0.98). Fast drying improved transparency and mechanical properties without impairing color, solubility or water vapor permeability (WVP). Fast-dried film had less surface roughness and contained larger protein clusters. It also had greater melting enthalpy of protein aggregates, implying stronger networks. For stability study, fast-dried film was stored at 4-35 °C for 24 days. Transparency decreased over time. Overall mechanical properties have improved during storage. Color, solubility and WVP did not significantly change over time at all conditions (p > 0.05). Microstructure of aged films was relatively similar to that of the freshly prepared film. Overall, the fast-dried KGM-WPI film exhibited reasonable storage stability.
Food Biophysics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 26, 2017
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