We studied the effects of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) on the development of parthenogenetic mouse embryos (CBA × C57BK/6)FF1. The parthenogenetic embryos were treated in vitro during the preimplantation period and, at the blastocyst stage, transplanted into the uterus of pseudopregnant females. The addition of FGF2 at an optimal dose (2.5 ng/ml) to the culture medium increased twofold the number of embryos developed in utero to the somite stages as compared to the control: 18 and 43%, respectively. The parthenogenetic embryos (18–21 somites), treated and nontreated with FGF2 during the preimplantation period, were explanted for further development in vitro and treated with IGF2 at 2.5 μg/ml. As a result, many more parthenogenetic embryos (> 87%) of both groups developed in vitro to the stage of 30 or more somites as compared to the control (59%). More than a half of FGF-2-treated parthenogenetic embryos developed to the stage of 40 and some of them, to the stage of 50 somites. The treatment of the parthenogenetic embryos with FGF2 alone at the preimplantation stages did not improve their development in vitro at the postimplantation stages. The results we obtained suggest that the treatment of parthenogenetic embryosin vitro with FGF2 during the preimplantation period increased twofold the number of somite embryos in utero, while their subsequent treatmentin vitro with IGF2 leads to a significant prolongation of their development, as compared to the control.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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