Effects of glutamine and its precursors on the growth performance and relevant protein synthesis pathway of mirror carp Cyprinus carpio

Effects of glutamine and its precursors on the growth performance and relevant protein synthesis... This study aimed to investigate the effects of Gln and its precursors on Gln anabolism and ammonia excretion to determine the role of Gln in protein synthesis in Cyprinus carpio. The growth performance, glutamine synthetase (GS) activity, blood ammonia level, and gene expression of GS, rhesus glycoprotein (Rhag, Rhbg and Rhcg), TOR and 4E-BP1 of fish were measured. Seven diet treatments including glucose (control), glutamine (Gln), glusate (Glu), α-ketoglutarate (AKG), l-ornithine-α-ketoglutarate (OKG), l-arginine-α-ketoglutarate (AAKG), and α-ketoglutarate sodium (2Na-AKG) were conducted. All were substituted for glucose at 1.5% of the dry diet. The results showed the feed conversion ratios (FCRs) of the AKG group and AAKG group were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of the control group. The expression levels of the Rhbg gene in the gills of the AKG, AAKG and 2Na-AKG groups were significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of the TOR gene in the gut of the fish in the AKG group and the Glu group were significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Therefore, the addition of AAKG in feed can significantly reduce the FCR of Cyprinus carpio and significantly improve the weight gain rate (WGR) and protein efficiency of the fish. Gln can reduce ammonia release in gills, and AKG can effectively promote the excretion of ammonia. The addition of Gln, Glu, AKG and AAKG in diets can effectively promote protein synthesis. The Gln, Glu, AKG and AAKG can significantly up-regulate GS gene expression in the gut; however, the expression level of the GS gene is not significantly correlated with GS activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fisheries Science Springer Journals

Effects of glutamine and its precursors on the growth performance and relevant protein synthesis pathway of mirror carp Cyprinus carpio

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effects-of-glutamine-and-its-precursors-on-the-growth-performance-and-Gw2gYlKK4M
Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Subject
Life Sciences; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Food Science
ISSN
0919-9268
eISSN
1444-2906
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12562-017-1124-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Gln and its precursors on Gln anabolism and ammonia excretion to determine the role of Gln in protein synthesis in Cyprinus carpio. The growth performance, glutamine synthetase (GS) activity, blood ammonia level, and gene expression of GS, rhesus glycoprotein (Rhag, Rhbg and Rhcg), TOR and 4E-BP1 of fish were measured. Seven diet treatments including glucose (control), glutamine (Gln), glusate (Glu), α-ketoglutarate (AKG), l-ornithine-α-ketoglutarate (OKG), l-arginine-α-ketoglutarate (AAKG), and α-ketoglutarate sodium (2Na-AKG) were conducted. All were substituted for glucose at 1.5% of the dry diet. The results showed the feed conversion ratios (FCRs) of the AKG group and AAKG group were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of the control group. The expression levels of the Rhbg gene in the gills of the AKG, AAKG and 2Na-AKG groups were significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of the TOR gene in the gut of the fish in the AKG group and the Glu group were significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Therefore, the addition of AAKG in feed can significantly reduce the FCR of Cyprinus carpio and significantly improve the weight gain rate (WGR) and protein efficiency of the fish. Gln can reduce ammonia release in gills, and AKG can effectively promote the excretion of ammonia. The addition of Gln, Glu, AKG and AAKG in diets can effectively promote protein synthesis. The Gln, Glu, AKG and AAKG can significantly up-regulate GS gene expression in the gut; however, the expression level of the GS gene is not significantly correlated with GS activity.

Journal

Fisheries ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 30, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off