The effects of fusicoccin (FC) on the early growth processes in sorghum (Sorghum vulgare M.) seeds germinated in water and in 0.1 M or 0.2 M NaCl solutions were investigated. We studied the rate of seed imbibition, the onset of radicle protrusion, the occurrence of the first mitoses, the mitotic index, the distribution of cells according to the phases of the cell cycle, as well as the length and weight of roots. Seed imbibition was considerably accelerated by treating them with 5 × 10−6 M FC for 1 h. In these FC-treated seeds placed on NaCl solutions, FC stimulated water influx into seeds, radicle protrusion, and occurrence of the first mitoses. FC pretreatment did not affect substantially the distribution of meristematic cells according to the periods of the cell cycle after 72 h of seed germination on water or 0.1 M NaCl. Root growth was inhibited by 0.1 M NaCl, but it was partially recovered in the presence of FC. 0.2 M NaCl caused a decrease in the mitotic index and in the number of cells in the S phase, an accumulation of cells in the G2 period and in the prophase, as well as a considerable inhibition of root growth. FC pretreatment of seeds subsequently germinated on 0.2 M NaCl resulted in an increase in the number of cells in the G1 period, in the mitotic index, and in the root-growth rate. FC virtually did not affect the growth of sorghum in the absence of salt. Pretreatment of seeds with FC followed by salinization resulted in an increase in the water content in seeds. It is suggested that a FC-induced increase in the water content of seeds accelerated metabolic processes in seeds germinating on NaCl solutions, thus regulating ionic homeostasis and thereby stimulating the initial growth processes.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 19, 2005
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