A self-flowing low-cement bauxite castable was prepared from 64 wt.% rotary Chinese bauxite and 10 wt.% Eczacibasi calcined alumina aggregates with additives of 5 wt.% Lafarge cement Secar 71, 8 wt.% Elkem microsilica 971U, and 0.05 wt.% dispersant Darvan 7S (D7S). Optimum self-leveling flowability was achieved using 5.6% water addition. As a function of the firing temperature, the physicomechanical and refractory properties of the self-flowing low-cement bauxite castable were characterized in terms of densification parameters such as apparent porosity (AP), bulk density (BD), water absorption (WA), and cold crushing strength (CCS). Phase analysis and microstructural-based evaluation were performed using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The present bauxite-based refractory castable heat treated at 1500°C for 2 h exhibited the following properties: AP 13%, BD 2.93 g/cm3, WA 4.4%, and CCS 1365 kg/cm2.
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 16, 2012
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