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Effects of exogenous myo-inositol on leaf water status and oxidative stress of Capsicum annuum under drought stress

Effects of exogenous myo-inositol on leaf water status and oxidative stress of Capsicum annuum... Drought-stressed plants accumulate cyclitols such as myo-inositol, pinitol, quercitol in the cytosol. These solutes (compatible solutes) protect plants from stress effects. Synthetic myo-inositol was used in the investigation of drought stress tolerance in pepper plants. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), membrane damage, ascorbate peroxidase (AP), catalase (CAT), proline and calcium increased in plants under drought conditions. Water status, calcium level, glutathione reductase activities increased in myo-inositol treated Capsicum annuum L. (pepper) under drought stress. Exogenous myo-inositol significantly decreased H2O2, membrane damage and proline levels and AP (except for 5 µM) and CAT activity, compared with untreated plants. Myo-inositol can play a role as effective as proline in signal transduction and in regulating concentrations of reactive oxygen species within tolerable ranges and in maintaining cell turgor by binding water molecules. Myo-inositol may become a useful instrument to eliminate the negative effects of drought environments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Physiologiae Plantarum Springer Journals

Effects of exogenous myo-inositol on leaf water status and oxidative stress of Capsicum annuum under drought stress

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Biochemistry; Plant Pathology; Plant Anatomy/Development; Agriculture
ISSN
0137-5881
eISSN
1861-1664
DOI
10.1007/s11738-018-2690-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Drought-stressed plants accumulate cyclitols such as myo-inositol, pinitol, quercitol in the cytosol. These solutes (compatible solutes) protect plants from stress effects. Synthetic myo-inositol was used in the investigation of drought stress tolerance in pepper plants. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), membrane damage, ascorbate peroxidase (AP), catalase (CAT), proline and calcium increased in plants under drought conditions. Water status, calcium level, glutathione reductase activities increased in myo-inositol treated Capsicum annuum L. (pepper) under drought stress. Exogenous myo-inositol significantly decreased H2O2, membrane damage and proline levels and AP (except for 5 µM) and CAT activity, compared with untreated plants. Myo-inositol can play a role as effective as proline in signal transduction and in regulating concentrations of reactive oxygen species within tolerable ranges and in maintaining cell turgor by binding water molecules. Myo-inositol may become a useful instrument to eliminate the negative effects of drought environments.

Journal

Acta Physiologiae PlantarumSpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2018

References