Effects of Copper on T-Type Ca2+ Channels in Mouse Spermatogenic Cells

Effects of Copper on T-Type Ca2+ Channels in Mouse Spermatogenic Cells Low voltage-activated, rapidly inactivating T-type Ca2+ channels are found in a variety of cells, where they regulate electrical activity and Ca2+ entry. In whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse spermatogenic cells, trace element copper (Cu2+) inhibited T-type Ca2+ current (I T-Ca) with IC50 of 12.06 μM. Inhibition of I T-Ca by Cu2+ was concentration-dependent and mildly voltage-dependent. When voltage stepped to −20 mV, Cu2+ (10 μM) inhibited I T-Ca by 49.6 ± 4.1%. Inhibition of I T-Ca by Cu2+ was accompanied by a shift of −2.23 mV in the voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation. Cu2+ upshifted the current–voltage (I-V) curve. To know the change of the gating kinetics of T-type Ca2+ channels, we analyzed the effect of Cu2+ on activation, inactivation, deactivation and reactivation of T-type Ca2+ channels. Since T-type Ca2+ channels are a key component in capacitation and the acrosome reaction, our data suggest that Cu2+ can affect male reproductive function through T-type Ca2+ channels as a preconception contraceptive material. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Effects of Copper on T-Type Ca2+ Channels in Mouse Spermatogenic Cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-008-9148-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Low voltage-activated, rapidly inactivating T-type Ca2+ channels are found in a variety of cells, where they regulate electrical activity and Ca2+ entry. In whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse spermatogenic cells, trace element copper (Cu2+) inhibited T-type Ca2+ current (I T-Ca) with IC50 of 12.06 μM. Inhibition of I T-Ca by Cu2+ was concentration-dependent and mildly voltage-dependent. When voltage stepped to −20 mV, Cu2+ (10 μM) inhibited I T-Ca by 49.6 ± 4.1%. Inhibition of I T-Ca by Cu2+ was accompanied by a shift of −2.23 mV in the voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation. Cu2+ upshifted the current–voltage (I-V) curve. To know the change of the gating kinetics of T-type Ca2+ channels, we analyzed the effect of Cu2+ on activation, inactivation, deactivation and reactivation of T-type Ca2+ channels. Since T-type Ca2+ channels are a key component in capacitation and the acrosome reaction, our data suggest that Cu2+ can affect male reproductive function through T-type Ca2+ channels as a preconception contraceptive material.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 7, 2009

References

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