The effects of binder, coking and regeneration on the acid properties of H-mordenite zeolite during toluene disproportionation reaction (TDP) have been investigated by solid-state 31P-MAS-NMR of various adsorbed phosphorous probe molecules in conjunction with elemental analysis by ICP-MS technique. A series of fresh, spent and regenerated mordenite-based commercial catalysts were examined and the results were also compared with binder-free H-mordenite zeolite and unformulated γ-alumina binder. It is found that parent H-mordenite zeolite possessed only Brønsted acidity, which is responsible for the observed catalytic activity. In contrast, the γ-Al2O3 binder exhibited only Lewis acidity and plays a minor role during the catalytic reaction. While the amount of strong Brønsted acid sites decreased rapidly during initial coking, it reached a plateau at a total coke content of ca. 7 wt%, corresponding to ca. 80% decrease in total acidity. That the catalyst remained active even under deep coke deposition (>7 wt%) condition indicated catalytic activity may be invoked by subsequent coking taking place on the external surface rather than intracrystalline channels of the zeolite catalyst. Furthermore, upon catalyst regeneration treatment, ca. 75% of the total acidity could be effectively recovered.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 8, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera