Effects of a dark septate endophyte (DSE) on growth, cadmium content, and physiology in maize under cadmium stress

Effects of a dark septate endophyte (DSE) on growth, cadmium content, and physiology in maize... Dark septate endophytes (DSE) are widely distributed in plant roots grown in stressful habitats, especially in heavy metal-polluted soils. But little is known about the physiological interactions between DSE and plants under heavy metal stress. In the present study, the growth, Cd content, and physiological response of Zea mays L. to a root-colonized DSE, Exophiala pisciphila, were analyzed under Cd stress (0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) in a sand culture experiment. Under high Cd (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) stress, the DSE colonization in roots increased the maize growth, kept more Cd in roots, and decreased Cd content in shoots. The DSE colonization improved the photosynthesis and induced notable changes on phytohormones but had no significant effect on the antioxidant capability in the maize leaves. Moreover, there were significant positive correlations between the gibberellic acid (GA) content and transpiration rate, zeatin riboside (ZR) content, and photosynthetic rate in maize leaves. These results indicated that the DSE’s ability to promote plant growth was related to a decrease on Cd content and the regulation on phytohormone balance and photosynthetic activities in maize leaves. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Effects of a dark septate endophyte (DSE) on growth, cadmium content, and physiology in maize under cadmium stress

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-017-9459-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dark septate endophytes (DSE) are widely distributed in plant roots grown in stressful habitats, especially in heavy metal-polluted soils. But little is known about the physiological interactions between DSE and plants under heavy metal stress. In the present study, the growth, Cd content, and physiological response of Zea mays L. to a root-colonized DSE, Exophiala pisciphila, were analyzed under Cd stress (0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) in a sand culture experiment. Under high Cd (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) stress, the DSE colonization in roots increased the maize growth, kept more Cd in roots, and decreased Cd content in shoots. The DSE colonization improved the photosynthesis and induced notable changes on phytohormones but had no significant effect on the antioxidant capability in the maize leaves. Moreover, there were significant positive correlations between the gibberellic acid (GA) content and transpiration rate, zeatin riboside (ZR) content, and photosynthetic rate in maize leaves. These results indicated that the DSE’s ability to promote plant growth was related to a decrease on Cd content and the regulation on phytohormone balance and photosynthetic activities in maize leaves.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 23, 2017

References

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