Single channel and [3H]ryanodine binding measurements were performed to test for a direct functional interaction between 2,3-butanedione 2-monoxime (BDM) and the skeletal and cardiac muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channels (ryanodine receptors). Single channel measurements were carried out in symmetric 0.25 m KCl media using the planar lipid bilayer method. BDM (1–10 mm) activated suboptimally Ca2+-activated (0.5–1 μm free Ca2+) single, purified and native cardiac and skeletal release channels in a concentration-dependent manner by increasing the number of channel events without a change of single channel conductances. BDM activated the two channel isoforms when added to either side of the bilayer. At a maximally activating cytosolic Ca2+ concentration of 20 μm, BDM was without effect on the cardiac channel, whereas it inhibited skeletal channel activities with IC50≈ 2.5 mm. In agreement with single channel measurements, high-affinity [3H]ryanodine binding to the two channel isoforms was increased in a concentration-dependent manner at ≤1 μm Ca2+. BDM was without a noticeable effect at low (≤0.01 μm) Ca2+ concentrations. At 20 μm Ca2+, BDM inhibited the skeletal but not cardiac channel. These results suggest that BDM regulates the Ca2+ release channels from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal and cardiac muscle in a concentration, Ca2+ and tissue-dependent manner.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 1999
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