Effectiveness of low dose of rituximab compared with azathioprine in Chinese patients with neuromyelitis optica: an over 2-year follow-up study

Effectiveness of low dose of rituximab compared with azathioprine in Chinese patients with... Neuromyelitis optical (NMO) and neuromyelitis optical spectrum disorder (NMOSD) are inflammatory autoimmune demyelination diseases affecting the central nervous system. We investigated the efficiency of low-dose rituximab treatment in 31 Chinese patients with NMO/NMOSD across a median period of 2.29 ± 0.97 years and azathioprine combined with corticosteroid treatment in 34 Chinese patients with NMO/NMOSD across a median period of 2.61 ± 0.94 years. Among the rituximab-treated patients, the mean Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was 5.62 ± 1.35 before treatment and 4.48 ± 0.78 at last follow-up, and the mean annualized relapse rate (ARR) was 1.39 ± 0.42 before treatment and 0.03 ± 0.13 at last follow-up. Among the azathioprine-treated patients, the mean EDSS was 5.63 ± 1.29 before treatment and 5.05 ± 1.00 at last follow-up, and the mean ARR was 1.28 ± 0.34 before treatment and 0.49 ± 0.21 at last follow-up. In this study, we showed that using low-dosage rituximab could benefit Chinese patients with NMO by reducing the new occurrence of relapses dramatically. Compared with the azathioprine-treated patients, we concluded that rituximab is more effective in preventing NMO relapse and could improve the symptoms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Neurologica Belgica Springer Journals

Effectiveness of low dose of rituximab compared with azathioprine in Chinese patients with neuromyelitis optica: an over 2-year follow-up study

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Belgian Neurological Society
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Neurology; Neuroradiology; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0300-9009
eISSN
2240-2993
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13760-017-0795-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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