We established a preoperative exercise and nutritional support program for elderly sarcopenic patients with gastric cancer. Twenty-two gastric cancer patients aged 65 years or older with a diagnosis of sarcopenia according to the algorithm proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People received our preoperative program. The median duration of the program participation was 16 days. Total calorie and protein intakes were significantly higher after the program than before [29.4 ± 6.9 kcal/kg ideal body weight (IBW) vs 27.3 ± 5.6 kcal/kg IBW, p = 0.049, and 1.3 ± 0.4 g/kg IBW vs 1.1 ± 0.3 g/kg IBW, p = 0.0019, respectively]. Handgrip strength significantly increased after the program (21.2 ± 5.2 kg vs 20.0 ± 5.3 kg, p = 0.022). Likewise, gait speed and skeletal muscle mass index increased, although the differences did not reach statistical significance. Four patients became nonsarcopenic after the program. Postoperative complications were observed in three patients (13.6%); however, none of these complications were severe (Clavien-Dindo grade III or lower). A preoperative exercise and nutritional support program has the potential to reduce sarcopenia and improve postoperative outcome in elderly sarcopenic patients with gastric cancer.
Gastric Cancer – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 28, 2016
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