Paracetamol seems to have similar success rates compared with indomethacin and ibuprofen in closing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants, but with a better safety profile. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible effects of paracetamol on cerebral oxygenation and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). Infants with gestational age < 32 weeks with hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA) were prospectively studied by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) after the first dose of paracetamol (15 mg/kg) or ibuprofen (10 mg/kg). Cerebral regional oxygenation (rSO2C) and fractional oxygen extraction ratio (FOEC) were recorded 30 min before (T0) and 60 ± 20 min (T1), 180 ± 30 min (T2), and 360 ± 30 min (T3) after the beginning of drug infusion. Moreover, mean flow velocity (Vmean) and resistance index (RI = PSV-DV/PSV) measured with Doppler ultrasound in pericallosal artery were recorded at the same times. Significant changes in rSO2C and FOEC were not found during the study period within and between the groups. Similarly, Vmean did not vary in infants treated with paracetamol or ibuprofen, while RI decreased in the ibuprofen group.
European Journal of Pediatrics – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 25, 2018
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