Effect of Zinc Sulfate and Boric Acid on the Hormonal Status of Potato Plants in Relation to Tuberization

Effect of Zinc Sulfate and Boric Acid on the Hormonal Status of Potato Plants in Relation to... Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants were grown in a greenhouse using zinc- and boron-deficient soil. The effects of seed-tuber treatment with 3 mM zinc sulfate and 8 mM boric acid on the content and ratio of phytohormones in the leaves and mature tubers, the indices of photosynthetic activity, the rate and NaF-sensitivity of respiration, and the tuber growth were studied. Zinc-sulfate treatment shifted the hormonal balance toward a substantial increase in the cytokinin content and the cytokinin/ABA ratio, as well as a decrease in the IAA/cytokinin ratio. Boric-acid treatment resulted in an increase in the IAA content and IAA/cytokinin ratio. Zinc-sulfate treatment abolished the apical dominance and increased the tuber weight due to their increased number and the number of phellem (cork) cell layers. Boric-acid treatment increased cell diameter in the tuber perimedullary zone; an increase in tuber weight per plant was related to tuber growth. A relationship between changes in the plant hormonal status induced by zinc-sulfate and boric-acid treatments and the activity of physiological processes is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of Zinc Sulfate and Boric Acid on the Hormonal Status of Potato Plants in Relation to Tuberization

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUPP.0000019216.92202.4a
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants were grown in a greenhouse using zinc- and boron-deficient soil. The effects of seed-tuber treatment with 3 mM zinc sulfate and 8 mM boric acid on the content and ratio of phytohormones in the leaves and mature tubers, the indices of photosynthetic activity, the rate and NaF-sensitivity of respiration, and the tuber growth were studied. Zinc-sulfate treatment shifted the hormonal balance toward a substantial increase in the cytokinin content and the cytokinin/ABA ratio, as well as a decrease in the IAA/cytokinin ratio. Boric-acid treatment resulted in an increase in the IAA content and IAA/cytokinin ratio. Zinc-sulfate treatment abolished the apical dominance and increased the tuber weight due to their increased number and the number of phellem (cork) cell layers. Boric-acid treatment increased cell diameter in the tuber perimedullary zone; an increase in tuber weight per plant was related to tuber growth. A relationship between changes in the plant hormonal status induced by zinc-sulfate and boric-acid treatments and the activity of physiological processes is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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