The combined wave-current flow has been solved by researchers by assuming wave over either depthwise constant or linear current profile. Some complicated nonlinear current profiles have also been considered to simulate various shear currents. We consider a nonlinear current vertically logarithmic in nature and examine its interaction with a periodic surface wave. The Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible flow are solved for the current part and by using periodic boundary conditions. The effect of logarithmic current on wave components is assessed. The corresponding celerity and dispersion equation yields a close-form solution for the shallow-wave approximation. Several comparative trends between wave-only, wave with log current, and wave with constant current for the wave following/opposing these currents have been discussed. The flow properties of the first order are presented which can be applicable to the real inland and coastal flows, where progressive waves are ubiquitous over a depthwise logarithmic current. The work is further extended to the second-order semiempirical wave component by using past experimental data on the wave spectrum of combined flow.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 26, 2008
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