Tungsten belong to heavy metal group, which physiological, biochemical, and molecular action mechanisms are essentially unstudied despite metal wide application in light, heavy, and military industries and the gradual accumulation in the environment. Protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation (one of the most important posttranslational modifications) is a highly conserved mechanism of intracellular signaling and regulation of many processes of cell activity. Protein tyrosine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation is required for the cell cycle processing, plant growth and differentiation. In this work, the effects of sodium tungstate on pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Truzhenik) root growth, protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and phosphatase activity in the roots were studied. It was shown that sodium tungstate suppressed growth, changed the mitotic index in the root meristem, and delayed cells at some mitosis phases. Under the influence of tungstate, hydrogen peroxide accumulated in the roots and phosphatase activity was inhibited. It was established by two-dimension electrophoresis and immunoblotting with the highly specific to phosphotyrosine antibody (PY20) that tungstate treatment increased both the number of such proteins and their specific phosphorylation. It is supposed that the inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatases was one of the reasons for tungstateinduced pea root growth inhibition.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2013
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