The phospholipid content and phospholipase D activity in the leaves of two tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) cultivars were investigated. These cultivars are characterized by different response to the infection with tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). In the infected leaves of a susceptible cv. Samsun, phospholipid content and phospholipase D activity did not change within seven days after TMV infection. The development of a hypersensitive response in the leaves of a resistant cv. Xanthy necrotic was not accompanied by a change in the total phospholipid content as compared to the noninfected leaves. However, the appearance of necrotic lesions and their subsequent expansion resulted in a steady decrease in the level of phosphatidylglycerol in infected leaves. At the same time, phosphatidic acid and diphosphatidylglycerol contents increased. Leaf zones remote from the regions of necrosis development were also characterized by an increased level of phosphatidic acid. There was a tendency for an increase in phospholipase D activity in both the sites of necrosis development and in the leaf regions remote from these sites. The changes in phosphatidic acid content were of similar nature, and therefore a relative increase in phosphatidic acid could result from the phospholipase D activity. This fact suggests a possible involvement of phospholipase D in the development of the hypersensitive response, and this suggestion is supported by a higher enzyme activity in the leaves of healthy plants of the resistant cultivar as compared to the susceptible one. Causes for the changes in the content of some phospholipids, as well as the physiological role of phospholipase D in the hypersensitive response are discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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