The thermal treatment of TiO2 pellets prepared by the sol–gel method decreased the photocatalytic activity. The activity divided by the specific surface area of the pellets for the complete mineralization of ethylene or chloroform was maximized at the firing temperature of 400°C. For the photocatalytic degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE), most of them were converted to chlorinated by-products, such as dichloroacetic acid, chloroform, and phosgene, and the stoichiometric ratio of [CO2]formed/[TCE]degraded showed a maximal value at 400°C. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) in the flow injection system indicated that firing at 400°C gave the highest signal intensity of DMPO–OH adducts. These findings indicated that the OH radical was produced most effectively on the TiO2 fired at 400°C, which would be related to the content of anatase and rutile. Concerning the formation of chlorinated by-products from TCE, more dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) were detected and less CHCl3 and COCl2 were formed at lower firing temperatures, suggesting that the branching ratio of chloroethoxy radicals to the formation of DCAA or CHCl3 and COCl2 by C–C bond scission depended on the firing temperature.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 14, 2009
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