Premature shutdown of electrolytic baths after a short service life leads to an increase in the cost of aluminum and serious economic losses. The most important element governing the service life of an electrolytic bath is the hearth that is lined with refractory hearth blocks. Presence of one concealed crack, that is exposed in the start-up period, may lead to failure of the whole electrolyzer in the first year of service. There are many producers and users of hearth blocks, and there are many specifications for cathode hearth blocks, although the requirements for them are selected in a very empirical way without considering actual service conditions. Scientifically based requirements for the material of hearth blocks is still in the formation stage. In 2004 in four aluminum enterprises under major repair hearth blocks were used from nine different producers that made it possible during evaluation of the statistics for shutting down young baths to determine the effect of the structure and properties of hearth blocks on the service life of electrolyzers and to formulate requirements for hearth block material. The contribution of permeable porous cathode carbon blocks on premature shutdown of electrolyzers by a mechanism of hearth uplift due to formation of a lens of electrolyte and refractory reaction products is demonstrated. Critical gas permeability and the maximum size of permeable pores in refractory hearth units are determined. Applicability of the first and second Hasselman criteria for the heat resistance of hearth block materials is demonstrated for predicting shutdown of young baths by a crack development mechanism in blocks due to thermomechanical stresses.
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 12, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera