An increase in the proliferative activity of a shoot apical meristem (SAM) and the further accumulation of a pool of undifferentiated cells (fasciation) results in phyllotaxis changes. In the case of Arabidopsis thaliana, a typical spiral leaf arrangement is replaced by an opposite or verticillate one (depending on the level of a fasciation manifestation). Pistil development in mutant plants is accompanied by the appearance of a group of undifferentiated meristematic cells in its central part. The addition of N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) causes an increase in the meristem volume and number of stipules in both mutant and control plants. The NPA effect on the floral morphogenesis results in a significant growth of meristemic cell pool. The interaction of different mechanisms of a meristem volume control is discussed.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 23, 2016
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