This work studies the influence of synthesis variables on the lineal viscoelastic properties of elastomers filled with soft magnetic particles. Three matrices [natural rubber (NR), high-temperature vulcanising silicone rubber (HTV-SR), and room-temperature vulcanising (RTV-SR)] and three volumetric particle contents (0%, 15%, and 30%) were studied. Anisotropic samples were synthesised with a softer matrix to obtain a larger magnetorheological (MR) effect, and the variation of their properties under an external magnetic field was examined. All samples were characterised within the lineal viscoelastic (LVE) region using a rheometer, because the MR effect is larger within this region. The influence of the matrix, particle content, and pre-structure on the viscoelastic properties of the synthesised samples was studied. The storage and loss modulus increased with the frequency owing to the viscoelastic behaviour of an elastomer in the rubbery phase. Both moduli also increased with the filler content. The influence of the filler is dependent on the matrix, and the maximum variation was seen in the NR-based samples. However, the maximum MR effect was seen in the samples with a softer matrix, and the effect was enhanced in the anisotropic samples. In this work, the MR effect on the loss modulus was studied, and the tendencies were found to be similar to those of the storage modulus. The main contribution of this work is that all dynamic behaviour results were comparable because all synthesis variables and characterisation conditions were identical. Therefore, how the particle content, frequency, and magnetic field affects each matrix can be studied.
Journal of Polymer Research – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 13, 2017
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