The influence of sugars on the development of oxidative stress induced by hypothermia was investigated in the leaves of two genotypes of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown in vitro on the Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2% sucrose. We used wild-type plants of potato, cv. Désirée, and potato plants expressing a yeast invertase gene under the control of the B33 class I patatin promoter and carrying a sequence of proteinase inhibitor II leader peptide for the apoplastic enzyme localization. At temperature of 22°C optimal for growth, expression of the yeast invertase gene in the leaves of transformed plants brought about a modification in the carbohydrate metabolism manifested in the activation of acid forms of invertase and accumulation of intracellular sugars (predominantly of sucrose because of its resynthesis). The exposure of plants to light under prolonged hypothermia (5°C, 6 days) activated all the forms of invertase (predominantly of acid invertase) and induced accumulation of sugars. In the leaves of potato expressing the yeast invertase gene, these processes were more intense. Under chilling, superoxide dismutase activity and the rate of lipid peroxidation in the leaves of investigated potato genotypes depended on the level of accumulated intracellular sugars. It was concluded that sugars play an important role as stabilizers of cellular membranes and scavengers of reactive oxygen species decelerating the processes of free radical oxidation of biomolecules upon the development of oxidative stress induced by hypothermia.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 6, 2007
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