Flow pattern and plastic strain distribution inside deformed sample are two important factors governing the microstructural uniformity of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) processed materials. In the present study, the effects of strain hardening exponent (n) and strain rate sensitivity (m) on the characteristics of the ECAP process were investigated by the aid of ﬁnite element simulation. Investigated parameters are plastic strain distribution and accumulated damage. In addition, contour maps were generated to demonstrate mutual effects of n and m coefﬁcients on the uniformity of plastic strain and maximum damage developed on ECAPed samples. Results showed that the effect of m and n values on plastic strain is more pronounced at downside regions of sample compared with upper regions. Also, at a constant strain rate sensitivity, the plastic strain is increased with decreasing strain hardening exponent due to the small corner gap formed in outer region of the intersecting area of two channels. Increasing strain rate sensitivity at constant strain hardening rate is accompanied by the formation of severely deformed area near downside of sample which leads to non-uniform strain distribution. Keywords Strain hardening exponent Strain rate sensitivity ECAP Finite element simulation 1 Introduction on material
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions of Mechanical Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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