Effect of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase in Hyperoxic Acute Lung Injury in Mice

Effect of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase in Hyperoxic Acute Lung Injury in Mice Hyperoxic acute lung injury is a serious complication of oxygen therapy that causes high mortality. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) has been reported to have protective effect on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury (ALI). This study investigates whether sEH plays any role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxic ALI. Wild-type and sEH gene knockout (sEH−/−) mice were exposed to 100% O2 for 72 h to induce hyperoxic ALI. Hyperoxia caused infiltration of inflammatory cells, elevation of interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 levels, and deterioration of alveolar capillary protein leak as well as wet/dry weight ratio in the lung. The hyperoxia-induced pulmonary inflammation and edema were markedly improved in sEH−/− mice. Survival rate was significantly improved in sEH−/− mice compared with that in wild-type mice. Moreover, the levels of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids and heme oxygenase-1 activity were notably elevated in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice after exposure to 100% O2 for 72 h. The nucleotide-binding domains and leucine-rich repeat pyrin domains containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and caspase-1 activity induced by hyperoxia were inhibited in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice. Inhibition of sEH by an inhibitor, AUDA, dampened hyperoxia-induced ALI. sEH plays a vital role in hyperoxic ALI and is a potential therapeutic target for ALI. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Inflammation Springer Journals

Effect of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase in Hyperoxic Acute Lung Injury in Mice

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Rheumatology; Internal Medicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Pathology
ISSN
0360-3997
eISSN
1573-2576
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10753-018-0758-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hyperoxic acute lung injury is a serious complication of oxygen therapy that causes high mortality. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) has been reported to have protective effect on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury (ALI). This study investigates whether sEH plays any role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxic ALI. Wild-type and sEH gene knockout (sEH−/−) mice were exposed to 100% O2 for 72 h to induce hyperoxic ALI. Hyperoxia caused infiltration of inflammatory cells, elevation of interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 levels, and deterioration of alveolar capillary protein leak as well as wet/dry weight ratio in the lung. The hyperoxia-induced pulmonary inflammation and edema were markedly improved in sEH−/− mice. Survival rate was significantly improved in sEH−/− mice compared with that in wild-type mice. Moreover, the levels of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids and heme oxygenase-1 activity were notably elevated in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice after exposure to 100% O2 for 72 h. The nucleotide-binding domains and leucine-rich repeat pyrin domains containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and caspase-1 activity induced by hyperoxia were inhibited in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice. Inhibition of sEH by an inhibitor, AUDA, dampened hyperoxia-induced ALI. sEH plays a vital role in hyperoxic ALI and is a potential therapeutic target for ALI.

Journal

InflammationSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2018

References

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