Hyperoxic acute lung injury is a serious complication of oxygen therapy that causes high mortality. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) has been reported to have protective effect on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury (ALI). This study investigates whether sEH plays any role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxic ALI. Wild-type and sEH gene knockout (sEH−/−) mice were exposed to 100% O2 for 72 h to induce hyperoxic ALI. Hyperoxia caused infiltration of inflammatory cells, elevation of interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 levels, and deterioration of alveolar capillary protein leak as well as wet/dry weight ratio in the lung. The hyperoxia-induced pulmonary inflammation and edema were markedly improved in sEH−/− mice. Survival rate was significantly improved in sEH−/− mice compared with that in wild-type mice. Moreover, the levels of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids and heme oxygenase-1 activity were notably elevated in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice after exposure to 100% O2 for 72 h. The nucleotide-binding domains and leucine-rich repeat pyrin domains containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and caspase-1 activity induced by hyperoxia were inhibited in sEH−/− mice compared with those in wild-type mice. Inhibition of sEH by an inhibitor, AUDA, dampened hyperoxia-induced ALI. sEH plays a vital role in hyperoxic ALI and is a potential therapeutic target for ALI.
Inflammation – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 24, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera