The effect of nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on resistance of coleoptiles of 4-day-old etiolated seedlings of wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Elegiya) to damaging heating (10 min at 43°C) and possible dependence of this effect on changes in the activities of enzymes producing and scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) were studied. Treatment of coleoptiles with 500 μM SNP considerably boosted generation of superoxide anion radical therein. This effect was substantially suppressed by blocker of calcium channels (lanthanum chloride), calmodulin antagonist (chlorpromazine), and inhibitor of NADPH-oxidase (imidazole) but not by peroxidase inhibitor (salicylhydroxamic acid). NO donor activated antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and soluble peroxidase) and elevated heat resistance of wheat coleoptiles. NO scavenger methylene blue, antioxidant agent ionol, calcium antagonists, and NADPH-oxidase inhibitor imidazole substantially reduced the elevation of heat resistance of wheat coleoptiles induced by NO donor. It was concluded that SNP-induced heat resistance of coleoptiles depended on calcium and ROS, whose production is probably boosted by activation of NADPH-oxidase.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 12, 2011
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