The effect of serotonin on the formation of neurons producing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) during embryogenesis of Wistar rats was studied. The neurons producing GnRH were detected immunocytochemically on days 18 and 21 of embryonic development and on day 15 of postnatal development of rats with normal serotonin metabolism and rats in which the synthesis of serotonin was inhibited by p-chlorophenylalanine. The total number of GnRH neurons in serotonin deficiency was larger than in the case of its normal metabolism at all developmental stages studied. This is an indirect evidence for the inhibitory effect of serotonin on the formation of GnRH neurons. To confirm the morphogenetic effect of serotonin, we studied the rate of formation of GnRH neurons by injecting bromodeoxyuridine in the formation period of these neurons. It was found that serotonin deficiency had no effect on the time of formation of GnRH neurons: over 97% of neurons formed on days 11 to 15 of embryonic development both in the experimental and control groups. Note that, in serotonin deficiency, the maximum number of GnRH neurons formed one day later than in the normal state. Thus, serotonin inhibits the proliferation of GnRH neuron progenitor cells and thereby has a morphogenetic effect on the development of these neurons.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 9, 2010
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