A fine-grain high-density tough matrix is a general prerequisite for synthesis of high-strength and crack-resistant composite materials, as well as its self-reinforcement with extended grains of β-Si3N4 and reinforcement with β-SiC crystals. Both approaches are used simultaneously in the present work. It is shown that the reinforcement of a silicon nitride matrix based on ultradisperse powder compositions by SiC whiskers of grade TWS provides hot-pressed ceramics with a high ultimate bending strength (950 MPa) and crack resistance (10 MPa · m1/2). Reinforcement by fine or coarse whiskers increases the crack resistance by 30% with respect to monolithic Si3N4. Composites reinforced by TWS silicon carbide whiskers preserve their high strength up to 1500°C.
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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