Effect of random sample size on the accuracy of nucleotide diversity estimation

Effect of random sample size on the accuracy of nucleotide diversity estimation Mathematical simulation has been used to analyze how the sample size affects the accuracy of the estimation of molecular variation in a population. The sample size was varied from 1/200 to 1/4 of the total size of the simulated population. The possible effect of the length of the nucleotide sequences compared has also been estimated; it was varied from 500 to 15 000 bp. A tendency towards underestimation of the mean nucleotide diversity (π) by about 25% of the expected value has been found. The sample size and/or the length of the nucleotide sequence used have been shown to affect more the scatter of the π values than the accuracy of its measurement (the proportion of correct estimates of π is about 14%). The assumption is made that the sample size affects the probability of accepting a false null hypothesis in analysis of the demographic history of a species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Effect of random sample size on the accuracy of nucleotide diversity estimation

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795412050079
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mathematical simulation has been used to analyze how the sample size affects the accuracy of the estimation of molecular variation in a population. The sample size was varied from 1/200 to 1/4 of the total size of the simulated population. The possible effect of the length of the nucleotide sequences compared has also been estimated; it was varied from 500 to 15 000 bp. A tendency towards underestimation of the mean nucleotide diversity (π) by about 25% of the expected value has been found. The sample size and/or the length of the nucleotide sequence used have been shown to affect more the scatter of the π values than the accuracy of its measurement (the proportion of correct estimates of π is about 14%). The assumption is made that the sample size affects the probability of accepting a false null hypothesis in analysis of the demographic history of a species.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 14, 2012

References

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