Effect of promoters on the behavior and properties of VPO catalysts for the selective oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride

Effect of promoters on the behavior and properties of VPO catalysts for the selective oxidation... A series of vanadyl pyrophosphate (VPO) modified by several additives has been investigated with the aim to reveal the promotion mechanism of the additives for selective conversion of n-butane to maleic anhydride (MA). Catalyst performance and various physicochemical characterization including XPS, XRD, FT-IR, DTA and BET indicated that the properties of additives, such as electronegativity and ion radius, contributed much to the effect of the additives on the structure and surface characteristics of VPO catalysts, and then influenced the catalytic behavior. The remarkable effects of additives on the surface vanadium and oxygen species were discussed. It was shown that maximum MA selectivity could be found with a moderate V5+ /V4+ ratio, and the catalytic activity and selectivity were improved, respectively, with the increase of surface active oxygen species, as well as as their amount and stability. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Effect of promoters on the behavior and properties of VPO catalysts for the selective oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by VSP 2003
Subject
Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry; Physical Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1163/156856703764929930
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A series of vanadyl pyrophosphate (VPO) modified by several additives has been investigated with the aim to reveal the promotion mechanism of the additives for selective conversion of n-butane to maleic anhydride (MA). Catalyst performance and various physicochemical characterization including XPS, XRD, FT-IR, DTA and BET indicated that the properties of additives, such as electronegativity and ion radius, contributed much to the effect of the additives on the structure and surface characteristics of VPO catalysts, and then influenced the catalytic behavior. The remarkable effects of additives on the surface vanadium and oxygen species were discussed. It was shown that maximum MA selectivity could be found with a moderate V5+ /V4+ ratio, and the catalytic activity and selectivity were improved, respectively, with the increase of surface active oxygen species, as well as as their amount and stability.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 17, 2004

References

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