Keywords Autothermal reforming Ethane Nickel nanoparticle Ceria–Zirconia Hydrogen production Introduction Fossil fuels are non-renewable hydrocarbon energy sources, and the two best known fossil fuels are coal and petroleum. Although many hydrogen-based power sources are being sought, but remain hypothetical, massive quantities of hydrogen are currently being generated from fossil materials such as natural gas, heavy oil (diesel), and coal. This generated hydrogen exists in compounds including H O, CH ,C H , and C H . In order to utilize this hydrogen as a power source it must be 4 2 6 3 8 liberated from these compounds, and a great many techniques have been developed to do this. Reforming is the one of the most efﬁcient known methods for isolating hydrogen from its compound-bound form. Three major thermo-chemical reforming techniques thus far developed for use in the production of hydrogen from methane and other hydrocarbon fuels [1, 2] are steam reforming (SR), partial oxidation reforming (POR), and autothermal reforming (ATR). Among these techniques, steam reforming (SR) is the lowest-volume and lowest-pressure hydrogen produc- tion technique, whereas partial oxidation reforming is an exothermic process, and requires smaller reactor vessels [3, 4]. Autothermal reforming, therefore, has attracted
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 27, 2016
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