Effect of polystyrene-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the viscoelastic behavior and electrical properties of polypropylene-based nanocomposites

Effect of polystyrene-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the viscoelastic behavior and... In this work, a free-radical grafting method was used to modify multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) to improve their dispersion in a polymer matrix by use of a compounding technique. By free-radical grafting for in-situ polymerization, MWNT agglomerates are turned into a networked micro-structure, which in turn builds up a strong interfacial interaction with the polymeric matrix during the mixing procedure. Polystyrene (PS)-MWNT with a hairy rod nanostructure were synthesized by in-situ free-radical polymerization of styrene monomer on the surface of MWNT. PS-MWNT/polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites were prepared by melt mixing. The effect of polystyrene-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotube (PS-MWNT) content on the rheological properties of the polypropylene (PP)-based nanocomposites was investigated. Surface characteristics of PS-MWNT were investigated by infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), thermogravimetric analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. The rheological properties of the PS-MWNT/PP composites were confirmed by rheometry. The complex viscosity of the PS-MWNT/polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites increased with increasing PS-MWNT content, primarily because of an increase in the storage modulus G′. In-situ-polymerized PS-MWNT were uniformly distributed in the PP matrix. In addition, the PS-MWNT were interconnected in the PP matrix and then formed PS-MWNT networks, resulting in the formation of a conducting network. Therefore, compared with samples with pristine MWNT, PS-MWNT-reinforced samples have lower conductivity as a resulting of PS grafting on the surface of MWNT. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Effect of polystyrene-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the viscoelastic behavior and electrical properties of polypropylene-based nanocomposites

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-polystyrene-grafted-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-the-FAD0BKuqkE
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-012-0531-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work, a free-radical grafting method was used to modify multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) to improve their dispersion in a polymer matrix by use of a compounding technique. By free-radical grafting for in-situ polymerization, MWNT agglomerates are turned into a networked micro-structure, which in turn builds up a strong interfacial interaction with the polymeric matrix during the mixing procedure. Polystyrene (PS)-MWNT with a hairy rod nanostructure were synthesized by in-situ free-radical polymerization of styrene monomer on the surface of MWNT. PS-MWNT/polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites were prepared by melt mixing. The effect of polystyrene-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotube (PS-MWNT) content on the rheological properties of the polypropylene (PP)-based nanocomposites was investigated. Surface characteristics of PS-MWNT were investigated by infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), thermogravimetric analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. The rheological properties of the PS-MWNT/PP composites were confirmed by rheometry. The complex viscosity of the PS-MWNT/polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites increased with increasing PS-MWNT content, primarily because of an increase in the storage modulus G′. In-situ-polymerized PS-MWNT were uniformly distributed in the PP matrix. In addition, the PS-MWNT were interconnected in the PP matrix and then formed PS-MWNT networks, resulting in the formation of a conducting network. Therefore, compared with samples with pristine MWNT, PS-MWNT-reinforced samples have lower conductivity as a resulting of PS grafting on the surface of MWNT.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 18, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off