Etiolated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings were treated with heat shock (HS). The heat treatment was conducted daily for 1 h at 40°C over 6 days and led to shortening of leaves and coleoptiles, an increase in the etioplast volume and prothylakoid length, and to a decrease in the size of paracrystalline prolamellar bodies (PLB). As a result of HS treatment, stimulation of carotenoid and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) synthesis as well as an increase in the relative content of the Pchlide short-wavelength form (Pchlide630) were observed in the leaf tissue of seven-day-old seedlings 12 h after the last HS treatment. HS had no effect on the overall amount of Pchlide-oxidoreductase (POR) in leaves and PLB membranes and did not suppress the Pchlide photoreduction in vivo. PLB membranes, isolated from the HS-treated seedlings, possessed a higher Pchlide and carotenoid content as calculated on total protein basis. These membranes showed more intense protein fluorescence than PLB from untreated plants, whereas hydrophobicity of the microenvironment of the fluorescent amino-acid residues remained unchanged. Studies using pyrene (lipophilic fluorescent probe emitted in Pchlide and carotenoid absorption bands) showed that HS increases the fluidity of membrane lipids in PLB membranes and that the pigments accumulated in these membranes are located in the region of lipid–protein contact site. The results are discussed in relation to the adaptive role of protein–protein and pigment–protein–lipid interactions in etioplast membranes under stress.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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