The effects of paclobutrazol (PBZ) (0, 30, 60, and 90 ppm) and NaCl (0, 75, 150, and 225 mM) treatments on a salt-tolerant (Karchia-65) cultivar of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at the pollination stage were studied. Salt stress decreased plant height, the length and area of the flag leaf, fresh and dry weights of the shoot, roots, and flag leaf, and water content. On the background of salinity, PBZ treatment further suppressed plant height. Although plants growth was suppressed in PBZ-treated plants, PBZ treatment moderated the negative effect of salinity on some growth parameters. Under PBZ treatments, plants tissues accumulated more watersoluble carbohydrates and reducing sugars than control plants, with the exception of water-soluble carbohydrates in the roots. The Na+ content in roots significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased at 150 and 225 mM NaCl, but PBZ treatment moderated the harmful effect of the highest levels of salinity. Salinity with or without PBZ treatment improved the K+, P, and N contents in plants. It is reasonably to suggest that the protection and increasing salt tolerance caused by PBZ was due to the mechanism nearly similar to the salt-tolerant cultivar physiological systems. These observations suggest that PBZ treatment has the potential to increase salt tolerance with a limiting damage caused by salt stress even in salt-tolerant plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 31, 2009
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